Hazards of repeat pregnancy during adolescence: A case-control study

1Citations
Citations of this article
28Readers
Mendeley users who have this article in their library.

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the social, obstetric and psychological risk factors related to repeat pregnancy in teenagers. Methods: A case control study conducted at Centro de Atenção à Saúde Integral da Mulher (Caism, in the Portuguese acronym), in Campinas, Brazil, from 2015 to 2017. Three groups were selected: a case-group of adolescents who had repeat pregnancy and two control-groups, one consisting of adolescents who had delivered at first time and another one of adult women with more than one deliveries. Participants were asked about habits, socio-demographics characteristics, reproductive and obstetric history and assessed psychological issues. Results: Ninety women were enrolled, 30 in each study group. Adolescents with repeat pregnancy have lower self-esteem scores and more ineffective contraceptive use. When compared with teens at first delivery, they had less schooling level (odds ratio [OR] 4.03 [1.37-11.8]), more school abandon (OR 8.16 [2.36-28.2]) and drugs use (OR 4.97[1.39-17.8]). Non-white skin color (OR 6.2 [1.15-41.0]), drugs use (OR 17.5 [2.62-116.6]) and first sexual intercourse under 15y (OR 18.0[2.82-115.0]) were found as higher risk factors for repeat pregnancy when comparing adolescents and adults. Moreover, adolescents with more than one gestation had lower self-esteem and greater susceptibility to unplanned pregnancy. Conclusion: There was an association between repeat pregnancy among adolescents and lower education, early onset of sexual activity, non-white skin color, low use of contraception and increased use of drugs.

Cite

CITATION STYLE

APA

De Freitas Galvão, R. B., Figueira, C. O., Borovac-Pinheiro, A., De Morais Paulino, D. S., Faria-Schützer, D. B., & Surita, F. G. (2018). Hazards of repeat pregnancy during adolescence: A case-control study. Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetricia, 40(8), 437–443. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0038-1666811

Register to see more suggestions

Mendeley helps you to discover research relevant for your work.

Already have an account?

Save time finding and organizing research with Mendeley

Sign up for free