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Various diazo compounds, nitrile oxides, nitrones and azomethine ylides were examined in 1,3-dipolar cycloadditions to enantiomerically pure 5-(R)-menthyloxy-2(5H)-furanone 1a. Pyrazoline 9 was obtained in 100% c.y. as a mixture of 2 diastereoisomers in ratios up to 72: 28, whereas pyrazoline 16 was obtained in 100 % c.y. as a single enantiomer. Photochemically pyrazolines 9 and 10 have been converted to cyclopropanes 11 and 13. Under thermal conditions pyrazoline 9 is converted to 4-methyl-5-menthyloxy-2(5H)-furanone. Isoxazoles 21a-24a were obtained enantiomerically pure via nitrile oxide addition to 1a in 64-67% yield. Nitrone addition afforded isoxazolidines 27, 28 and 34 with complete anti-facial- and regiochemistry, but with endo-exo selectivities up to 76%. Enantiomerically pure isoxazolidines were obtained in 25-75% yield. Pyrrolidine 36 was obtained diastereomerically pure in 81% c.y. Pyrrolidines 42 and 45, however, were obtained as diastereomeric mixtures in 37% resp. 6% yield. © 1994.
Rispens, M. T., Keller, E., de Lange, B., Zijlstra, R. W. J., & Feringa, B. L. (1994). Asymmetric 1,3-dipolar cycloadditions to 5-(R)-menthyloxy-2(5H)-furanone. Tetrahedron: Asymmetry, 5(4), 607–624. https://doi.org/10.1016/0957-4166(94)80023-5