Lens crystallins were isolated from cephalopods, octopus and squid. Two protein fractions were obtained from the octopus in contrast to only one crystallin from the squid. The native molecular mass for these purified fractions and their polypeptide compositions were determined by gel filtration, sedimentation analysis, and SDS-gel electrophoresis. Octopod and decapod lenses share one common major squid-type crystallin of 29 kDa, with one additional novel crystallin present only in the octopus lens. This newly-characterized crystallin (termed Ω-crystallin) exists as a tetrameric protein of 230 kDa, consisting of 4 identical subunits of approx. 59 kDa. It is distinct from the previously known crystallins both in amino acid composition and subunit structure. N-terminal sequence analysis indicated that the Ω-crystallin is N-terminally blocked, whereas the major octopus crystallin is identical to the reported squid crystallin with regard to the first 25 residues of protein sequence. Sequence similarity between this major cephalopod crystallin and glutathione S-transferase were found, which suggested some enzymatic role of crystallins inside the cephalopod lens. © 1988.
Chiou, S. H. (1988). A novel crystallin from octopus lens. FEBS Letters, 241(1–2), 261–264. https://doi.org/10.1016/0014-5793(88)81073-1