All-solid-state lithium batteries employing sulfide-based solid electrolytes have emerged as promising next-generation batteries for large-scale energy storage applications because of their safety and high energy density. Among them, Li6PS5X (X = Cl, Br, I) with an argyrodite structure synthesized by planetary milling exhibits a rather high lithium ion conductivity of 10-2 - 10-3 S cm-1 at room temperature. Unfortunately, the planetary milling process has the disadvantage of producing the solid electrolytes with large, round-shaped particles. Recently, the solid electrolytes have been synthesized by not the mechanical milling but the liquid-phase process, which facilitates synthesis of sub-micrometer- to nanometer-sized solid electrolyte particles. It is important to reduce the particle size of the solid electrolyte to promote intimate contact with the active material in the composite cathode. Here, rod-like Li6PS5Cl solid electrolyte with a high ionic conductivity of 1.1 × 10-3 S cm-1 at room temperature was, for the first time, directly prepared by a liquid phase process using only a stirring method. SEM images showed the electrolyte had a rod-like morphology with a length of 20-30 μm and a width of 2-3 μm. The composite cathode was prepared from a slurry and the cell performances were investigated.
Choi, S., Ann, J., Do, J., Lim, S., Park, C., & Shin, D. (2019). Application of Rod-Like Li 6 PS 5 Cl Directly Synthesized by a Liquid Phase Process to Sheet-Type Electrodes for All-Solid-State Lithium Batteries . Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 166(3), A5193–A5200. https://doi.org/10.1149/2.0301903jes