The purpose of this study was to evaluate the surface mineralization activity and in vitro drug behavior potential of two forms of mesoporous silica: powder and granulate. Ordered mesoporous SiO2 powder was synthesized by surfactant-assisted sol-gel process using tetraethoxysilane as a silica precursor and hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide as the structure-directing agent. The granulate was prepared using silica powder and ethyl cellulose as a binding agent. Metronidazole (MT)—an anti-inflammatory substance and doxorubicin hydrochloride (ChD)—an anti-cancer drug were chosen as drug models for delivery studies. The results of structural characteristic studies, utilizing transmission electron microscope (TEM) and scanning electron microscope (SEM) images, powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), and nitrogen adsorption–desorption (BET) measurements, show that obtained materials have two-dimensional hexagonal p6mm symmetry, high specific surface area, narrow pore size, and a satisfactory mineralization behavior in the simulated body solution (SBF, pH = 7.4). The release rate of drugs depends upon the structural features of the drug molecules and the form of the carrier material. Of both the drugs analyzed, faster release was observed for small MT molecules characterized by weaker interactions with the carrier. In addition, the slower drug release was observed with granulate form due to increased diffusion barrier for drugs. Obtained results prove that the MT/ChD-loaded silica formulations could be attractive materials for filling bone defects and for local delivery systems.
K., C., M., P., & W., S. (2017). Formulation and In Vitro Characterization of Bioactive Mesoporous Silica with Doxorubicin and Metronidazole Intended for Bone Treatment and Regeneration. AAPS PharmSciTech, 18(8), 3163–3171. https://doi.org/10.1208/s12249-017-0804-3 LK - http://limo.libis.be/resolver?&sid=EMBASE&issn=15309932&id=doi:10.1208%2Fs12249-017-0804-3&atitle=Formulation+and+In+Vitro+Characterization+of+Bioactive+Mesoporous+Silica+with+Doxorubicin+and+Metronidazole+Intended+for+Bone+Treatment+and+Regeneration&stitle=AAPS+PharmSciTech&title=AAPS+PharmSciTech&volume=18&issue=8&spage=3163&epage=3171&aulast=Czarnobaj&aufirst=Katarzyna&auinit=K.&aufull=Czarnobaj+K.&coden=&isbn=&pages=3163-3171&date=2017&auinit1=K&auinitm=