Friction performance of electroless Ni-P coatings in Alkaline medium and optimization of coating parameters

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Abstract

The present paper studies the friction performance of electroless Ni-P coating in alkaline medium (10 % NaOH solution) and optimization of the coating process parameters is performed for minimum friction using Taguchi method based on L27 orthogonal array. The study is carried out using different combinations of four coating process parameters, namely, concentration of nickel source (A), concentration reducing agent (B), bath temperature (C) and annealing temperature (D). The friction tests are conducted with a pin-on-disk tribometer. The optimum combination of process parameters for minimum friction is obtained. Also, analysis of variance (ANOVA) is performed to find out the significant contribution of each coating process parameters and their interactions. ANOVA reveals that bath temperature has the maximum contribution in controlling the friction behaviour of Ni-P coating. The surface morphology and composition of coatings are studied with the help of scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersed X-ray (EDX) analysis and X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis. It is found that the Ni-P coating is amorphous in as-deposited condition but gradually turns crystalline with heat treatment.

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Panja, B., & Sahoo, P. (2014). Friction performance of electroless Ni-P coatings in Alkaline medium and optimization of coating parameters. In Procedia Engineering (Vol. 97, pp. 47–55). Elsevier Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2014.12.223

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