There is a passive blood flow to the stomach during oral and nasal surgery. It may cause postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV). We researched the relationship between gastric decompression (GD) and severity of PONV in ear, nose, and throat (ENT) surgery. 137 patients who have been into ENT surgery were included in the study. In Group I ( n = 70 ), patients received GD after surgery before extubation; patients in Group II ( n = 67 ) did not receive GD. In postoperative 2nd, 4th, 8th, and 12th hours, the number and ratio of patients demonstrating PONV were detected to be significantly more in Group II as compared to Group I. PONV was also significantly more severe in Group II as compared to Group I. In Group I, the PONV ratio in the 2nd hour was significantly more for those whose amounts of stomach content aspired were more than 10 mL as compared to those whose stomach content aspired was less than 10 mL. In the 4th, 8th, and 24th hours, there is no statistically significant difference between the stomach content aspired and PONV ratio. GD reduces the incidence and severity of PONV in ENT surgery.
Erkalp, K., Kalekoglu Erkalp, N., Sevdi, M. S., Korkut, A. Y., Yeter, H., Ege, S. S., … Erden, V. (2014). Gastric Decompression Decreases Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting in ENT Surgery. International Journal of Otolaryngology, 2014, 1–5. https://doi.org/10.1155/2014/275860