Gelatin-Sealed Dacron Graft is not more Susceptible to MRSA Infection than PTFE Graft

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Abstract

Objectives: The purpose of this experimental study was to compare the susceptibility of gelatin-sealed Dacron and PTFE prostheses to infection by MRSA. Design: Prospective, randomized, controlled animal study. Materials and Methods: Graft infections were established in the subcutaneous tissues of 60 female Spraque-Dawley rats by the implantation of gelatin-sealed Dacron or PTFE prostheses followed by topical inoculation with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. The study groups were as follows: (1A) uncontaminated gelatin-sealed Dacron group, (1B) untreated contaminated gelatin-sealed Dacron group, (1C) contaminated gelatin-sealed Dacron group with intraperitoneal teicoplanin treatment, (2A) uncontaminated PTFE group, (2B) untreated contaminated PTFE group, and (2C) contaminated PTFE group with intraperitoneal teicoplanin treatment. The grafts were removed after 7 days and evaluated for infection by counting the number of adherent bacteria on the graft material after rinsing and sonication. The perigraft tissue was harvested for histopathological study. To investigate the existence of any infection, blood samples were collected by cardiopuncture for a culture analysis. Results: No significant difference in bacteria counts was observed between gelatin-sealed Dacron and PTFE grafts. In groups 1A and 2A, there was no infection detected. The bacterial counts for MRSA were 7.4 × 105 in group 1B and 8.6 × 105 in group 2B. There was also no infection in groups 1C and 2C. While the difference between group 1B and 2B was not significant (p > .05), bacterial counts in group 1B or 2B were significantly higher than those in other groups. Blood cultures were only positive in four rats in group 1B and in two rats in group 2B. The severities of the inflammation of the perigraft tissues was low in groups 1A and 2A, high in groups 1C and 2C, and between the range from low to moderate in groups 1B and 2B. Conclusion: The susceptibility of gelatin-sealed Dacron to bacterial infection was not higher than that of PTFE. © 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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APA

Yasim, A., Gul, M., Ciralik, H., & Ergun, Y. (2006). Gelatin-Sealed Dacron Graft is not more Susceptible to MRSA Infection than PTFE Graft. European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, 32(4), 425–430. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejvs.2006.03.014

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