Chari proved that if Δ is a (d - 1)-dimensional simplicial complex with a convex ear decomposition, then h0 ≤ ⋯ ≤ h⌊ d / 2 ⌋ [M.K. Chari, Two decompositions in topological combinatorics with applications to matroid complexes, Trans. Amer. Math. Soc. 349 (1997) 3925-3943]. Nyman and Swartz raised the problem of whether or not the corresponding g-vector is an M-vector [K. Nyman, E. Swartz, Inequalities for h- and flag h-vectors of geometric lattices, Discrete Comput. Geom. 32 (2004) 533-548]. This is proved to be true by showing that the set of pairs (ω, Θ), where Θ is a l.s.o.p. for k [Δ], the face ring of Δ, and ω is a g-element for k [Δ] / Θ, is nonempty whenever the characteristic of k is zero. Finite buildings have a convex ear decomposition. These decompositions point to inequalities on the flag h-vector of such spaces similar in spirit to those examined in [K. Nyman, E. Swartz, Inequalities for h- and flag h-vectors of geometric lattices, Discrete Comput. Geom. 32 (2004) 533-548] for order complexes of geometric lattices. This also leads to connections between higher Cohen-Macaulay connectivity and conditions which insure that h0 < ⋯ < hi for a predetermined i. © 2005.
Swartz, E. (2006). g-Elements, finite buildings and higher Cohen-Macaulay connectivity. Journal of Combinatorial Theory. Series A, 113(7), 1305–1320. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcta.2005.11.007