BACKGROUND: A recent study showed improved performance of the P300-speller when the flashing row or column was overlaid with translucent pictures of familiar faces (FF spelling paradigm). However, the performance of the P300-speller is not yet satisfactory due to its low classification accuracy and information transfer rate.<br /><br />OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether P300-speller performance is further improved when the chromatic property and the FF spelling paradigm are combined.<br /><br />METHODS: We proposed a new spelling paradigm in which the flashing row or column is overlaid with translucent green pictures of familiar faces (GFF spelling paradigm). We analyzed the ERP waveforms elicited by the FF and proposed GFF spelling paradigms and compared P300-speller performance between the two paradigms.<br /><br />RESULTS: Significant differences in the amplitudes of four ERP components (N170, VPP, P300, and P600f) were observed between both spelling paradigms. Compared to the FF spelling paradigm, the GFF spelling paradigm elicited ERP waveforms of higher amplitudes and resulted in improved P300-speller performance.<br /><br />CONCLUSIONS: Combining the chromatic property (green color) and the FF spelling paradigm led to better classification accuracy and an increased information transfer rate. These findings demonstrate a promising new approach for improving the performance of the P300-speller.
Li, Q., Liu, S., Li, J., & Bai, O. (2015). Use of a green familiar faces paradigm improves P300-speller brain-computer interface performance. PLoS ONE, 10(6). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0130325