H. pylori clinical isolates have diverse babAB genotype distributions over different topographic sites of stomach with correlation to clinical disease outcomes

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Abstract

Background: Intragenomic recombination between babA and babB mediates antigenic variations and may help H.pylori colonization. This study determined whether variable genotypes of babA and babB correlate to differentclinical disease outcomes, and can distribute over the different gastric niches.Results: This study enrolled 92 clinical strains (45 from peptic ulcer, 27 from gastritis, and 20 from gastric cancer) todetect whether the babA and babB are at locus A or B by PCR reactions using the primers designed from theupstream and variable region of the babA and babB genes. Four genotypes of babA and babB (A B, AB B, A AB, ABAB) were found. The distribution of the 4 genotypes in 92 clinical strains was significantly different among patientswith different gastric diseases (p<0.05). The isolates from gastric cancer patients had a higher rate of AB ABgenotype than those from non-cancer patients (40.0% vs. 9.7%, p<0.05). The AB AB genotype was associated witha higher intensity of intestinal metaplasia (p<0.05), but did not correlate with a higher inflammation andcolonization density in gastric histology (p>0.05). Besides, the study enrolled 19 patients to verify whether variablegenotypes of babAB existed in the different gastric niches. Among the patients infected with more than one babABgenotypes over antrum and corpus, there were higher rate of genotypes as A B or AB AB in isolates from antrumthan in those from corpus (75.0 % vs. 16.7%, p<0.05).Conclusions: The H. pylori isolate with the AB AB genotype correlates with an increased gastric cancer risk, andcolonize in an antrum predominant manner. © 2012 Sheu et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

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Sheu, S. M., Sheu, B. S., Chiang, W. C., Kao, C. Y., Wu, H. M., Yang, H. B., & Wu, J. J. (2012). H. pylori clinical isolates have diverse babAB genotype distributions over different topographic sites of stomach with correlation to clinical disease outcomes. BMC Microbiology, 12. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2180-12-89

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