What happens after the accident? Psychosocial needs of people with traumatic brain injury and their families

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Abstract

Objective: To identify factors that people with a traumatic brain injury and their families perceived as helping to improve their quality of life. Methods: Three focus groups and five interviews were conducted with a total of 37 participants: 14 persons with traumatic brain injury and 23 caregivers. A content analysis was conducted. The constant comparative method was applied. Results: We detected five factors that improved the quality of life of persons with a traumatic brain and their families: 1) Informal support (family and friends); 2) formal support (counseling, employment, built and bureaucratic environment); 3) type of clinical characteristics; 4) social participation, and 5) social visibility. Conclusions: The needs expressed by our participants primarily focused on social and emotional factors. For persons with severe traumatic brain injury attempting to achieve the best possible community integration, a new semiology is required, not limited to medical care, but also involving social and psychological care tailored to the needs of each individual and family and their environment.

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APA

Gifre, M., Gil, Á., Pla, L., Roig, T., & Monreal-Bosch, P. (2015). What happens after the accident? Psychosocial needs of people with traumatic brain injury and their families. Gaceta Sanitaria, 29, 60–65. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gaceta.2015.02.002

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