Health-related quality of life in cases of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder with and without pharmacological treatment

  • López J
  • Sacristán A
  • Garrido M
  • et al.
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Abstract

Introduction: The health-related quality of life (HRQoL) questionnaire is important in order to assess the effects of therapeutic intervention. The aim of this study is to analyse HRQoL, comparing cases of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) treated with methylphenidate (ADHD-T), untreated cases (ADHD-N), and controls. Material and methods: The study included a sample of 228 participants between 8 and 14 years old (114 controls, 57 ADHD-T, and 57 ADHD-N). Consecutive sampling was used in ADHD according to DSM-IV criteria (ADHD Rating Scales IV), and random sampling of controls matched by gender and age. The evaluation of HRQoL was made by using KIDSCREEN-52 parent version. Results: The intensity of ADHD symptoms is significantly lower in ADHD-T than in ADHD-N. There is a moderate significant correlation between greater intensity of ADHD symptoms and worse HRQoL. ADHD cases have significantly worse HRQoL than controls on psychic well-being, mood, relationship with parents and friends, school environment, and social acceptance. The cases of ADHD-T have significantly better HRQoL than ADHD-N in the school dimension, but do not differ significantly in other dimensions of KIDSCREEN-52. Conclusions: It would be advisable that the treatment of ADHD integrates multi-dimensional therapeutic models that improve the basic symptoms of the disorder, as well as the HRQoL.

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López, J., Sacristán, A., Garrido, M., Martínez, M., López, M., Rodríguez, L., … Andrés-de Llano, J. (2018). Health-related quality of life in cases of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder with and without pharmacological treatment. Anales de Pediatria, p. 8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anpedi.2018.04.016

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