Helicobacter pylori (formerly, Campylobacter pylori) is a gram-negative, spiral-shaped bacterium with a strong affinity for gastric-type epithelium. Convincing evidence indicates that H. pylori plays an etiologic role in the development of chronic, nonspecific gastritis, and it may play an important role in the pathogenesis of duodenal ulcer disease. An etiologic role for this organism in chronic gastric ulceration, nonulcer dyspepsia, and gastric carcinoma is not established. Whereas the diagnosis of H. pylori infection is relatively straightforward, the questions of when and how to treat the infection do not have established answers. A high rate of recrudescence follows most currently used therapeutic interventions. Until the pathogenicity of H, pylori in clinical disease is further supported and additional treatment trials have been completed, a conservative management approach is recommended. © 1990, Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research. All rights reserved.
ORMAND, J. A. E., & TALLEY, N. J. (1990). Helicobacter pylori: Controversies and an Approach to Management. Mayo Clinic Proceedings. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0025-6196(12)62541-5