Holding a stick at both ends: on faces and expertise

  • Harel A
  • Kravitz D
  • Baker C
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Abstract

Comments on an article by Denise T. D. De Ridder et. al. (see record [rid]2011-30199-004[/rid]). Ridder et al. demonstrated a small-to-medium effect for trait measures of self-control on behavioral outcomes across multiple life domains. The review provides evidence that self-control is positively associated with adaptive, desirable outcomes and negatively associated with maladaptive, undesirable outcomes, and most strongly related to behaviors classified as habitual or automatic. The review also lends support for the predictions of numerous theories of self-control in which self-control is conceptualized as a trait or dispositional capacity that affects behaviors across multiple domains. In the current analysis, consistent with De Ridder et al., the author regards self-control as an individual difference that reflects capacity and availability of resources to engage in goal directed behavior and overcome impulses and habitual responses. The proposed model provides clear, testable hypotheses regarding the processes by which trait self-control influences behavior. Specifically, the author have modeled the deliberative and spontaneous routes by which self-control may affect behavior through direct, indirect, and interactive pathways. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved)

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Harel, A., Kravitz, D. J., & Baker, C. I. (2014). Holding a stick at both ends: on faces and expertise. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 8. https://doi.org/10.3389/fnhum.2014.00442

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