Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and receptor tyrosine-protein kinase 3 (ErbB3) are two well-established targets in cancer therapy. There is significant crosstalk among these two receptors and others. To block signaling from both EGFR and ErbB3, we generated anti-EGFR and anti-ErbB3 DVD-Ig proteins. Two DVD-Ig proteins maintained the functions of the combination of the two parental antibodies. The DVD-Ig proteins inhibit cell signaling and proliferation in A431 and FaDu cells while half DVD-Ig proteins lost proliferation inhibition function. Interestingly, in the presence of β-Heregulin (HRG), the DVD-Ig proteins show synergies with respect to inhibiting cell proliferation. The DVD-Ig proteins downregulate EGFR protein expression in the presence of HRG, which may be due to receptor internalization. Furthermore, the DVD-Ig proteins remarkably disrupt β-Heregulin binding to FaDu cells.
Gu, J., Yang, J., Chang, Q., Liu, Z., Ghayur, T., & Gu, J. (2015). Identification of anti-EGFR and anti-ErbB3 dual variable domains immunoglobulin (DVD-Ig) proteins with unique activities. PLoS ONE, 10(5). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0124135