CLIP-170 and Restin, microtubule-binding proteins originally cloned from human cells, are identical except for a stretch of 35 amino acids present in Restin, but missing from CLIP-170. Here we present the discovery of two novel isoforms of the CLIP-170/Restin gene in both chickens and humans. One of the new isoforms, named CLIP-170(11), contains an 11 amino acid insert instead of the 35 amino acid insert found in Restin. Eight of these 11 amino acids, including a helix-breaking proline residue, are perfectly conserved between chickens and humans. The second new isoform, named CLIP-170(11+35), contains both the 11 and 35 amino acid inserts in tandem. PCR analysis of chicken genomic DNA revealed that all four isoforms result from differential splicing of two exons in a region of the CLIP-170 gene that contains ~8.6 kb of intervening sequence. We found that the CLIP-170(11) and CLIP-170(11+35) are expressed preferentially in muscle tissues. Chicken and human skeletal muscle express predominantly CLIP-170(11) and to a lesser extent CLIP-170 and CLIP-170(11+35). Adult chicken cardiac and smooth muscles also express CLIP-170(11) and CLIP-170(11+35), but CLIP-170 is the predominant isoform in these muscles as it is in all other tissues except brain. The ratios of CLIP-170 isoform expression found in embryonic and adult chicken cardiac muscles reveal that isoform expression is regulated differentially in different developmental stages as well as in different tissues. Copyright (C) 1998.
Griparic, L., & Keller, T. C. S. (1998). Identification and expression of two novel CLIP-170/Restin isoforms expressed predominantly in muscle. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular Cell Research, 1405(1–3), 35–46. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0167-4889(98)00096-2