To gain insight on the role of mixed solvents on the thermodynamic driving forces for the complexation between trivalent f-elements and organic ligands, solution phase thermodynamic parameters were determined for Eu(III) complexation with 2-hydroxyisobutyric acid (HIBA) and 2-aminoisobutyric acid (AIBA) in mixed methanol (MeOH)-water and N,N-dimethylformamide (DMF)-water solvents. Included in this study were the determination of mixed solvent autoprotolysis constants (pKs) as well as the thermodynamic formation constants: log β, ΔG, ΔH, and ΔS, for ligand protonation and Eu(III)-ligand complexation utilizing potentiometry and calorimetry techniques. The results presented are conditional thermodynamic values determined at an ionic strength of 1.0 M NaClO4 and a temperature of 298 K. It was found that moving from an aqueous solution to a binary aqueous-organic solvent affected all solution equilibria to some degree and that the extent of change depended on both the type of mixed solvent and the ligand in each study. The ability to understand and predict these changes in thermodynamic values as a function of solvent composition provides important information about the chemistry of the trivalent f-elements.
Felmy, H. M., Bennett, K. T., & Clark, S. B. (2017). The impact of mixed solvents on the complexation thermodynamics of Eu(III) by simple carboxylate and amino carboxylate ligands. Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics, 114, 83–92. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jct.2017.05.003