Implementation and evaluation of a new methane model within a dynamic global vegetation model: LPJ-WHyMe v1.3.1

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Abstract

For the first time, a model that simulates methane emissions from northern peatlands is incorporated directly into a dynamic global vegetation model. The model, LPJ- WHyMe (LPJ Wetland Hydrology and Methane), was pre- viously modified in order to simulate peatland hydrology, permafrost dynamics and peatland vegetation. LPJ-WHyMe simulates methane emissions using a mechanistic approach, although the use of some empirical relationships and param- eters is unavoidable. The model simulates methane produc- tion, three pathways of methane transport (diffusion, plant- mediated transport and ebullition) and methane oxidation. A sensitivity test was conducted to identify the most important factors influencing methane emissions, followed by a param- eter fitting exercise to find the best combination of parameter values for individual sites and over all sites. A comparison of model results to observations from seven sites resulted in normalised root mean square errors (NRMSE) of 0.40 to 1.15 when using the best site parameter combinations and 0.68 to 1.42 when using the best overall parameter combination.

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Wania, R., Ross, I., & Prentice, I. C. (2010). Implementation and evaluation of a new methane model within a dynamic global vegetation model: LPJ-WHyMe v1.3.1. Geoscientific Model Development, 3(2), 565–584. https://doi.org/10.5194/gmd-3-565-2010

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