Aim Dental caries is one of the most common oral diseases affecting children. The complex multifactorial aetiology of caries involves host (saliva composition and tooth enamel characteristics), oral microflora and substrate (oral hygiene quality and dietary habits composition). Occlusal characteristics may be also a factor in dental caries development. The aim of this aepidemiologic study was to verify the association between DMFT (Decayed, Missed, Filled Teeth) index and occlusal characteristics, dietary habits, oral hygiene habits and parents' education level in a sample of 12-year-old schoolchildren from Southern Italy. Materials and Methods A sample of 536 children was examined to detect dental caries status and several occlusal variables (i.e. molar relationship, overjet and overbite, presence of crossbite, scissor bite, crowding, diastemas and/or midline deviation). A questionnaire to retrieve parents' educational level, patient's dietary and oral hygiene habits was administered. The associations among these variables were assessed statistically through the Χ 2 test. Results A positive association was found between caries, parents' social status and some occlusal disorders. va specificato, l'abstract non può essere una caccia al tesoro. In relation to occlusal variables, crossbite (Χ 2 =3.96, P=0.04) was significantly associated to caries. A significant association was also found between the education level of mothers (Χ 2 =7.74, P < 0.01) and fathers (Χ 2 =6.35, P=0.01) and the presence of caries. Dietary habits, oral hygiene and remaining occlusal characteristics were not associated with caries presence (all P > 0.05). Conclusions Of the evaluated occlusal characteristics only posterior crossbite was associated with caries prevalence. Education level of the parents was the other factor significantly associated with caries. Dietary habits, oral hygiene frequency and the remaining occlusal characteristics were not associated with dental caries.
Giugliano, D., d’Apuzzo, F., Majorana, A., Campus, G., Nucci, F., Flores-Mir, C., & Perillo, L. (2018). Influence of occlusal characteristics, food intake and oral hygiene habits on dental caries in adolescents: A cross-sectional study. European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry, 19(2), 95–100. https://doi.org/10.23804/ejpd.2018.19.02.02