A new approach for the synthesis of gold nanoparticles (Au NPs) via a simple and fast in-situ generation method using an amine-containing polymer (PN4N) as both stabilizer and reducing agent is reported. The application of the Au NPs-PN4N hybrid material as efficient interfacial layer in different types of solar cells was also explored. The synthesized Au NPs show good uniformity in size and shape and the Au NPs doped PN4N hybrid composites exhibit high stability. Amine-containing polymers are good cathode interfacial materials (CIMs) in polymer solar cells (PSCs) and planar heterojunction perovskite solar cells (PVKSCs). The performance of the PSCs with Au NPs doped PN4N CIMs is largely improved when compares to devices with pristine PN4N CIM due to the enhanced electronic properties of the doped PN4N. Furthermore, by incorporating larger Au NPs into PEDOT:PSS to enhance absorption of the light harvesting layer, power conversion efficiencies (PCEs) of 6.82% and 13.7% are achieved for PSC with PCDTBT/PC71BM as the light harvesting materials and PVKSC with a ∼280 nm-thick CH3NH3PbI3-xClx perovskite layer, respectively. These results indicate that Au NPs doped into both PEDOT:PSS and PN4N interlayers exhibited a synergistic effect in performance improvement of PSCs and PVKSCs.
Hu, Z., Dong, S., Xue, Q., Xu, R., Yip, H. L., Huang, F., & Cao, Y. (2015). In-situ synthesis of metal nanoparticle-polymer composites and their application as efficient interfacial materials for both polymer and planar heterojunction perovskite solar cells. Organic Electronics, 27, 46–52. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.orgel.2015.08.023