We analyzed the effect of the interfacial free energy on the thermodynamics of hydrogen sorption in nano-scaled materials. When the enthalpy and entropy terms are the same for all interfaces, as in an isotropic bi-phasic system, one obtains a compensation temperature, which does not depend on the system size nor on the relative phase abundance. The situation is different and more complex in a system with three or more phases, where the interfaces have different enthalpy and entropy. We also consider the possible effect of elastic strains on the stability of the hydride phase and on hysteresis. We compare a simple model with experimental data obtained on two different systems: (1) bi-phasic nanocomposites where ultrafine TiH2 crystallite are dispersed within a Mg nanoparticle and (2) Mg nanodots encapsulated by different phases.
Patelli, N., Calizzi, M., & Pasquini, L. (2018). Interface Enthalpy-Entropy Competition in Nanoscale Metal Hydrides. Inorganics, 6(1), 13. https://doi.org/10.3390/inorganics6010013