Background/Purpose: Umbilical cord blood is rich in primitive natural killer (NK) cells, which are activated by interleukin (IL)-12. It was previously reported that a novel IL-12 family cytokine, IL-27 comprised of EBI3 and p28, was elevated in maternal serum during normal pregnancy. Thus, we compared the immune regulatory functions of IL-27 and IL-12 on mononuclear cells derived from cord blood and adult peripheral blood. Methods: After stimulation with IL-27, IL-12, and IL-27 combined with IL-12, the cytotoxicity against BJAB lymphoma cells by blood mononuclear cells was performed. Then immunofluorescence staining, reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction and Western blotting were used to detect the effects of IL-27 and IL-12 in isolated NK cells. Results: IL-27, IL-12, and IL-27 combined with IL-12 enhanced the cytotoxicity of adult peripheral blood cells and cord blood cells, but the proliferation of distinct subpopulations of cells was not evident. Similar results were also obtained with purified cord blood NK cells. Interestingly, distinct from IL-12, IL-27 could induce aggregation and morphological changes of umbilical cord blood cells. Finally, IL-27 combined with IL-12 could stimulate increased IL-27 receptor (gp130 and WSX-1) transcripts in purified cord blood NK cells. However, the activation of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) in NK cells was only detected in the presence of IL-27, but not IL-12 alone. Conclusion: From previous results, we summarize our current understanding of the augmentation of distinct regulation of NK cells by IL-27 and IL-12. © 2012.
Chen, J. C., Huang, A. J., Chen, S. C., Wu, J. L., Wu, W. M., Chiang, H. S., … Huang, Y. T. (2012). Interleukin-27 and interleukin-12 augment activation of distinct cord blood natural killer cells responses via STAT3 pathways. Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, 111(5), 275–283. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jfma.2010.10.002