Left posterior fascicular block, state-of-the-art review: A 2018 update

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Abstract

We conducted a review of the literature regarding epidemiology, clinical, electrocardiographic and vectorcardiographic aspects, classification, and differential diagnosis of left posterior fascicular block. Isolated left posterior fascicular block (LPFB) is an extremely rare finding both in the general population and in specific patient groups. In isolated LPFB 20% of the vectorcardiographic (VCG) QRS loop is located in the right inferior quadrant and when associated with right bundle branch block (RBBB) ≥40%. The diagnosis of LPFB should always consider the clinical aspects, because a definite diagnosis cannot be made in the presence of right ventricular hypertrophy (RVH) (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)/emphysema), extensive lateral myocardial infarction (MI) or extremely vertical heart. Intermittent LPFBs are never complete blocks (transient or second degree LPFB) and even in the permanent ones, one cannot be sure that they are complete. When LPFB is associated with RBBB and acute inferior MI, PR interval prolongation is very frequent.

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Pérez-Riera, A. R., Barbosa-Barros, R., Daminello-Raimundo, R., de Abreu, L. C., Tonussi Mendes, J. E., & Nikus, K. (2018, November 1). Left posterior fascicular block, state-of-the-art review: A 2018 update. Indian Pacing and Electrophysiology Journal. Indian Pacing and Electrophysiology Group. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ipej.2018.10.001

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