Concerning with lifelong learning has a noble pedigree, by considering the rapid growth of knowledge and technology after space age 1957, with the Soviet "sputnik" Satellite, the role of educational institutes has changed. It is impossible to expect curriculum to transfer necessary knowledge for living in this global village with different complicated challenges. In this situation, learners should be able to investigate the necessary knowledge and skills for better living and overcoming the facing problems. In this paper policy, strategy and culture of problem-based and self directed learning are examined. Lifelong learning as a policy for the expansion of the education and training system, should address problem solving and self directed learning. Lifelong learning as a strategy for the reform of the welfare state also should address problem-based and self directed learning. Lifelong learning as a cultural practice, should be provisioned by goals, means and evaluation in curriculum development. In this continuous process of social changes learners should be lifelong and self directed learners to be able to conquer their challenges and their problems. © 2010 Published by Elsevier Ltd.
Bidokht, M. H., & Assareh, A. (2011). Life-long learners through problem-based and self directed learning. In Procedia Computer Science (Vol. 3, pp. 1446–1453). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procs.2011.01.028