Lipoxygenase activity and superoxide (O.-2) production by microsomal membranes and cytosol from bean cotyledons increased in parallel as senescence progressed. Superoxide production was heat denaturable and dependent on the availability of linoleate, the substrate for lipoxygenase. The specific inhibitor of lipoxygenase, U28938, caused a parallel reduction in enzyme activity and the formation of O-2. These observations demonstrate that lipoxygenase activity mediates the formation of superoxide anion, and support the contention that membrane senescence is attributable to a sequence of reactions in which lipasederived fatty acids are utilized by lipoxygenase to generate O-2 and hydroperoxides. © 1984.
Lynch, D. V., & Thompson, J. E. (1984). Lipoxygenase-mediated production of superoxide anion in senescing plant tissue. FEBS Letters, 173(1), 251–254. https://doi.org/10.1016/0014-5793(84)81057-1