Study Background: Previously, we demonstrated safety and correlated induced immune response with survival in a Phase I study of FANG immunotherapy in advanced cancer patients. We now report long term follow-up (FU) of Phase I treated patients including assessment of relationships of dose, γIFN-ELISPOT response, and patient demographics to safety and survival. Methods: Safety, γIFN-ELISPOT response, and survival have been followed through 3+ years in advanced cancer patients who received ≥ 2-12 intradermal monthly injections of 1×107 or 2.5×107 cells/injection. Clinical and serological assessments were performed monthly, radiographic evaluations bimonthly, and γ-IFN-ELISPOT at baseline, and start of Cycle 2, 4, 6, 9, 12 then sequentially at FU. Results: Previously, we reported results on 45 patients with successful FANG construction followed for 1 year (28 treated (designated FANG); 17 not treated based on availability of other alternative treatments or failed manufacturing (designated No FANG)). We now report FU results through year 3 on those patients and an additional 29 patients (7 FANG, 22 No FANG) subsequently entered into Phase I study (total N=35 FANG; total N=39 No FANG). The median survival of the current expanded Phase I trial population is 562 days vs. 122 days (p=0.00001). This is similar to the originally published data from two years earlier. The γ-IFN-ELISPOT reaction was positive in 14 of the current FANG treated patients and negative in 12 FANG treated patients at Month 3 or less post first injection. Survival correlated with γ-IFN-ELISPOT reaction; median 836 days vs. 440 days with positive and negative ELISPOT respectively, (p=0.04). No long term adverse toxicity has been seen and there was no significant correlation of immune response or survival with either dose or demographics. Conclusions: Treatment with FANG vaccine continues to show long term safety and evidence of benefit in patients with many types of advanced cancer thereby justifying further efficacy testing. © 2013 Senzer N, et al.
Senzer, N., Barve, M., Nemunaitis, J., Kuhn, J., Melnyk, A., Beitsch, P., … Nemunaitis, J. (2013). Long term follow up: Phase i trial of “bi-shRNA furin/GMCSF DNA/ autologous tumor cell” immunotherapy (FANGTM) in advanced cancer. Journal of Vaccines and Vaccination, 4(8). https://doi.org/10.4172/2157-7560.1000209