The long-term outcomes following the use of inactivated autograft in the treatment of primary malignant musculoskeletal tumor

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Abstract

BACKGROUND Biological reconstruction surgery is a tough but alluring option for treating primary malignant musculoskeletal tumors. In this article, we evaluate the clinical outcomes of primary malignant musculoskeletal tumors treated with inactivated autograft using alcohol. METHOD In this article, we include 58 patients who had primary malignant bone tumors treated with wide resection and recycling autograft reconstruction using alcohol between January 2003 and January 2013. The outcomes were measured by recurrence, functional status, and complications. Functional status was assessed according to the Musculoskeletal Tumor Society Score (MSTSS). The Kaplan-Meier survival curve was used to evaluate the survival rate of the patient. RESULT The most common tumor was osteosarcoma (31 cases) followed by chondrosarcoma (10 cases). The tibia was the most frequently involved skeletal site (27 cases) followed by femur (26 cases). The median follow-up period was 54 months, ranging from 18 to 96 months. In 58 patients, 12 were with local recurrence (20.7 %), 16 with lung metastasis (27.6 %), and 13 with complications (22.4 %). The main complication was infection (8 cases). The autografts survived in 49 patients (84.5 %). The mean MSTSS score was 78.5 %, ranging from 47 to 98 %. CONCLUSION Recycling autograft reconstruction using alcohol had favorable clinical outcomes to some degree; however, the recurrence and complication rates seem to be high. Thus, we should apply this method with caution and choose the patients with strict surgical indication.

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Yang, J., Zhu, B., Fu, K., & Yang, Q. (2015). The long-term outcomes following the use of inactivated autograft in the treatment of primary malignant musculoskeletal tumor. Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research, 10(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13018-015-0324-3

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