Fibromyalgia syndrome is a chronic pain condition that affects 440,000 Canadians above the age of 12. People with fibromyalgia report lifelong biological, emotional, cognitive and social complications. Recent clinical practice guidelines indicate management of symptoms is limited outside of analgesics. Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is one emerging treatment that displays promise for these individuals. CBT helps individuals to realize their maladaptive thought processes and how these can affect their own emotional response as well as the significance they attribute to potentially noxious stimuli. In conjunction with a physical exercise program, CBT shows promise in both the management of pain, and an improvement of quality of life.
Goldenberg, D. L., Burckhardt, C., & Crofford, L. (2004, November 17). Management of fibromyalgia syndrome. Journal of the American Medical Association. https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.292.19.2388