The manner in which central and local governments engage has taken on extra salience in recent years as governments seek to address wicked issues and begin to appreciate the role of place as a key contributor of economic growth. Different approaches exist, ranging from formal and constitutional to informal and political, but none represents a magic bullet with outcomes always subject to local circumstances. In this context the example of New Zealand highlights a particular challenge; how to maintain effective of inter-governmental relationships in the absence of either constitutional recognition of local government or a formal agreement between the two sectors.
Reid, M. (2012). Managing Central-Local Government Relationships: The Case of New Zealand. Commonwealth Journal of Local Governance, 3–32. https://doi.org/10.5130/cjlg.v0i0.3055