Maternal endothelial soluble cell adhesion molecules with isolated small for gestational age fetuses: Comparison with pre-eclampsia

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Abstract

Objective: 1. To evaluate the activation profile of the endothelium in pregnancies complicated by small for gestational age fetuses compared with pre-eclampsia and normal pregnancy, by measuring the plasma levels of soluble adhesion molecules soluble E-selectin, intercellular cell adhesion molecule-1 and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1. 2. To determine whether soluble adhesion molecules were related to the severity of small for gestational age fetuses and pre-eclampsia. Design: Observational study. Participants: Sixteen women with small for gestational age fetuses; 15 women with pre-eclampsia and 15 healthy primigravidae were recruited as controls. Methods: Plasma levels of soluble E-selectin, intercellular cell adhesion molecule-1 and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 were measured by ELISA. Results: Compared with the healthy controls, soluble E-selectin was significantly increased in both small for gestational age fetuses and pre-eclampsia, whereas intercellular cell adhesion molecule-1 and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 were increased only in pre-eclampsia. In the small for gestational age fetuses group, soluble E-selectin correlated inversely with the ratio between birthweight and the expected normal birthweight (r = -0.4, P = 0.007). In the pre-eclampsia group, a significant correlation was observed between vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 and blood pressure (r = 0.54, P = 0.039). Conclusions: Endothelial activation, reflected by raised levels of soluble E-selectin, is a feature of small for gestational age fetuses and is correlated with the severity of the disease. Differences in the profile of soluble cell adhesion molecules suggest variations in the degrees of endothelial activation between pre-eclampsia and small for gestational age fetuses.

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Bretelle, F., Sabatier, F., Blann, A., D’Ercole, C., Boutière, B., Mutin, M., … Dignat-George, F. (2001). Maternal endothelial soluble cell adhesion molecules with isolated small for gestational age fetuses: Comparison with pre-eclampsia. British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 108(12), 1277–1282. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0306-5456(01)00259-5

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