The miR-16 family, which targets genes important for the G1-S transition, is a known modulator of the cell cycle, and members of this family are often deleted or downregulated in many types of cancers. Here, we report the reciprocal relationship-that of the cell cycle controlling the miR-16 family. Levels of this family increase rapidly as cells are arrested in G0. Conversely, as cells are released from G0 arrest, levels of the miR-16 family rapidly decrease. Such rapid changes are made possible by the unusual instabilities of several family members. The repression mediated by the miR-16 family is sensitive to these cell-cycle changes, which suggests that the rapid upregulation of the miR-16 family reinforces cell-cycle arrest in G0. Upon cell-cycle re-entry, the rapid decay of several members allows levels of the family to decrease, alleviating repression of target genes and allowing proper resumption of the cell cycle. © 2011 Elsevier Inc.
Rissland, O. S., Hong, S. J., & Bartel, D. P. (2011). MicroRNA Destabilization Enables Dynamic Regulation of the miR-16 Family in Response to Cell-Cycle Changes. Molecular Cell, 43(6), 993–1004. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.molcel.2011.08.021