Modelling the fate of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) in the North Sea system

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Abstract

The environmental fate of selected persistent organic pollutants (POPs) in the North Sea system is modelled with a high resolution Fate and Transport Ocean Model (FANTOM) that uses hydrodynamic model output from the Hamburg Shelf Ocean Model (HAMSOM). Large amounts of POPs enter the North Sea from the surrounding highly populated, industrialised and agricultural countries. Major pathways to the North Sea are atmospheric deposition and river inputs, with additional contributions coming from bottom sediments and adjacent seas. The model domain covers the entire North Sea region, extending northward as far as the Shetland Islands, and includes adjacent basins such as the Skagerrak, Kattegat, and the westernmost part of the Baltic Sea. Model resolution (for both models) is 1.5′ latitude ×2.5′ longitude (approximately 3 km horizontal resolution) with 30 vertical levels. The POP model also has 20 sediment layers. Important model processes controlling the fate of POPs in the North Sea system are discussed. Results focus on Lindane ( - HCH or -hexachlorocyclohexane) and PCB 153. © 2011 Published by Elsevier BV.

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O’Driscoll, K., Ilyina, T., Pohlmann, T., Mayer, B., & Damm, P. (2011). Modelling the fate of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) in the North Sea system. In Procedia Environmental Sciences (Vol. 6, pp. 169–179). Elsevier B.V. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proenv.2011.05.018

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