© Liu et al. The relationship between gene-specific DNA methylation in peripheral blood leukocytes and colorectal cancer (CRC) susceptibility is unclear. In this case-control study, the methylation status of a panel of 10 CRC-related genes in 428 CRC cases and 428 cancer-free controls were detected with methylation-sensitive high-resolution melting analysis. We calculated a weighted methylation risk score (MRS) that comprehensively combined the methylation status of the panel of 10 genes and found that the MRS_10 was significantly associated with CRC risk. Compared with MRS-Low group, MRS-High group and MRS-Medium group exhibited a 6.51-fold (95% CI, 3.77-11.27) and 3.85-fold (95% CI, 2.72-5.45) increased risk of CRC, respectively. Moreover, the CRC risk increased with increasing MRS_10 (Ptrend< 0.0001). Stratified analyses demonstrated that the significant association retained in both men and women, younger and older, and normal weight or underweight and overweight or obese subjects. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curves for the MRS_10 model was 69.04% (95% CI, 65.57-72.66%) and the combined EF and MRS_10 model yielded an AUC of 79.12% (95% CI, 76.22-82.15%). Together, the panel of 10 gene-specific DNA methylation in leukocytes was strongly associated with the risk of CRC and might be a useful marker of susceptibility for CRC.
Liu, Y., Wang, Y., Hu, F., Sun, H., Zhang, Z., Wang, X., … Zhao, Y. (2017). Multiple gene-specific DNA methylation in blood leukocytes and colorectal cancer risk: a case-control study in China. Oncotarget, 8(37). https://doi.org/10.18632/oncotarget.18054