We study a quasilinear elliptic problem depending on a parameter λ of the form -δpu=λf(u)inΩ,u=0on∂Ω. We present a novel variational approach that allows us to obtain multiplicity, regularity and a priori estimate of solutions by assuming certain growth and sign conditions on f prescribed only near zero. More precisely, we describe an interval of parameters λ for which the problem under consideration admits at least three nontrivial solutions: two extremal constant-sign solutions and one sign-changing solution. Our approach is based on an abstract localization principle of critical points of functionals of the form E=Φ-λr̈ on open sublevels Φ -1(]-∞, r[), combined with comparison principles and the sub-supersolution method. Moreover, variational and topological arguments, such as the mountain pass theorem, in conjunction with truncation techniques are the main tools for the proof of sign-changing solutions. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd.
Candito, P., Carl, S., & Livrea, R. (2012). Multiple solutions for quasilinear elliptic problems via critical points in open sublevels and truncation principles. Journal of Mathematical Analysis and Applications, 395(1), 156–163. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmaa.2012.05.003