Nonabsorbable antibiotics reduce bacterial and endotoxin translocation in hepatectomised rats

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Abstract

There is increasing evidence that septic complications, occurring after major hepatectomies, may be caused by gram negative bacteria, translocating from the gut. We investigated in rats, the effect of extended hepatectomy on the structure and morphology of the intestinal mucosa as well as on the translocation of intestinal bacteria and endotoxins. We also examined the effect of nonabsorbable antibiotics on reducing the intestinal flora and consequently the phenomenon of translocation by administering neomycin sulphate and cefazoline. Hepatectomy was found to increase translocation, while administration of nonabsorbable antibiotics decreased it significantly. In addition, hepatectomy increased the aerobic cecal bacterial population, which normalised in the group receiving antibiotics. Among the histological parameters evaluated, villus height demonstrated a significant reduction after hepatectomy, while the number of villi per cm and the number of mitoses per crypt, remained unchanged. Our results indicate that administration of nonabsorbable antibiotics presents a positive effect on bacterial and endotoxin translocation after extended hepatectomy, and this may be related to reduction of colonic bacterial load as an intraluminal effect of antibiotics.

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Kakkos, S. K., Kirkilesis, J., Scopa, C. D., Arvaniti, A., Alexandrides, T., Vagianos, C. E., … Anderson, R. (1997). Nonabsorbable antibiotics reduce bacterial and endotoxin translocation in hepatectomised rats. HPB Surgery, 10(5), 283–291. https://doi.org/10.1155/1997/49681

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