Recent genome-wide measurements of binding preferences of ∼200 transcription regulators in the vicinity of transcription start sites in yeast, have provided a unique insight into the cis-regulatory code of a eukaryotic genome. Here, we show that nonspecific transcription factor (TF)-DNA binding significantly influences binding preferences of the majority of transcription regulators in promoter regions of the yeast genome. We show that promoters of SAGA-dominated and TFIID-dominated genes can be statistically distinguished based on the landscape of nonspecific protein-DNA binding free energy. In particular, we predict that promoters of SAGA-dominated genes possess wider regions of reduced free energy compared to promoters of TFIID-dominated genes. We also show that specific and nonspecific TF-DNA binding are functionally linked and cooperatively influence gene expression in yeast. Our results suggest that nonspecific TF-DNA binding is intrinsically encoded into the yeast genome, and it may play a more important role in transcriptional regulation than previously thought. © 2012 Biophysical Society.
Afek, A., & Lukatsky, D. B. (2012). Nonspecific protein-DNA binding is widespread in the yeast genome. Biophysical Journal, 102(8), 1881–1888. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bpj.2012.03.044