Open-source tools for dynamical analysis of Liley's mean-field cortex model

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Abstract

Mean-field models of the mammalian cortex treat this part of the brain as a two-dimensional excitable medium. The electrical potentials, generated by the excitatory and inhibitory neuron populations, are described by nonlinear, coupled, partial differential equations that are known to generate complicated spatio-temporal behaviour. We focus on the model by Liley et al. (Network: Computation in Neural Systems 13 (2002) 67-113). Several reductions of this model have been studied in detail, but a direct analysis of its spatio-temporal dynamics has, to the best of our knowledge, never been attempted before. Here, we describe the implementation of implicit time-stepping of the model and the tangent linear model, and solving for equilibria and time-periodic solutions, using the open-source library PETSc. By using domain decomposition for parallelization, and iterative solving of linear problems, the code is capable of parsing some dynamics of a macroscopic slice of cortical tissue with a sub-millimetre resolution. © 2014 The Authors.

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Green, K. R., & Van Veen, L. (2014). Open-source tools for dynamical analysis of Liley’s mean-field cortex model. Journal of Computational Science, 5(3), 507–516. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jocs.2013.06.001

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