Most assessments available in the literature have assumed that power plants with carbon capture and storage (CCS) will operate at base load. It is now becoming clear that in many cases CCS plants will need to be able to operate flexibly because of the variability of electricity demand, increased use of variable renewable energy sources and poor flexibility of other technologies such as nuclear. This paper summarizes the results of a study carried out by Foster Wheeler for the IEA Greenhouse Gas R&D Programme with the purpose of evaluating and proposing strategies for improving the operating flexibility of power plants with CCS.
Domenichini, R., Mancuso, L., Ferrari, N., & Davison, J. (2013). Operating flexibility of power plants with carbon capture and storage (CCS). In Energy Procedia (Vol. 37, pp. 2727–2737). Elsevier Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2013.06.157