The upgrades for the ATLAS Pixel Detector will be staged in preparation for high luminosity LHC. The first upgrade for the Pixel Detector is the construction of a new pixel layer which will be installed during the first shutdown of the LHC machine, in 2013-2014. The new detector, called the Insertable B-Layer (IBL), will be installed between the existing Pixel Detector and a new, smaller radius beam-pipe at a radius of 3.3 cm. The IBL has required the development of several new technologies to cope with increased radiation and pixel occupancy and also to improve the physics performance through reduction of the pixel size and a more stringent material budget. The IBL presents several changes to the design of the present ATLAS Pixel Detector: two different and promising silicon sensor technologies, planar n-in-n and 3D, will be used for the IBL. A new read-out chip FE-I4 has been designed in 130 nm technology, the material budget is minimized by using new lightweight mechanical support materials and a CO2 based cooling system has been developed. An overview of the IBL project, of the module design and the qualification for these sensor technologies with particular emphasis on irradiation and beam tests will be presented. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.
Røhne, O. (2013). Overview of the ATLAS Insertable B-Layer (IBL) Project. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, 731, 18–24. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nima.2013.05.032