Oxygen uptake response to cycle ergometry in post-acute stroke patients with different severity of hemiparesis

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Abstract

This study evaluated the impact of severity of hemiparesis on oxygen uptake (V̇O2) response in post-acute stroke patients. Sixty-four patients with a mean poststroke interval of 8.6 ± 3.8 days underwent a ramp cardiopulmonary exercise test on a cycling ergometer to volitional termination. Mean peak V̇O2(V̇O2peak) and work efficiency (ΔV̇O2/ΔWR) were measured by open-circuit spirometry during standard upright ergometer cycling. Severity of the hemiparetic lower limb was assessed by Brunnstrom's motor recovery stages lower extremity (BMRSL). V̇O2peak was 10% lower in hemiparetic leg with BMRSL V than in that with BMRSL VI, 20% lower in BMRSL IV, and 50% lower in BMRSL III. ΔV̇O2/ΔWR was higher for the group with increased BMRSL. The relations were consistent after adjustment for age, sex, body mass index, stroke type, hemiparetic side, modified Ashworth Scale, time poststroke, comorbidities, and medications. Our findings revealed that O 2peak is dependent on the severity of hemiparesis in leg, and along with ΔO2/ΔWR closely related to the severity of hemiparesis in post-acute stroke patients, regardless of the types and locations of lesion after stroke, as well as the differences in comorbidities and medications. © 2013, Kaohsiung Medical University. Published by Elsevier Taiwan LLC. All rights reserved.

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Chen, C. K., Weng, M. C., Chen, T. W., & Huang, M. H. (2013). Oxygen uptake response to cycle ergometry in post-acute stroke patients with different severity of hemiparesis. Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences, 29(11), 617–623. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.kjms.2013.05.004

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