Performance of Low-Volume Roads with Wearing Course of Silty Sand Modified with Rice Husk Ash and Lime

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Abstract

Rice husk ash (RHA) is a by-product of rice milling. Its use as soil stabilizer is a way to replace the final disposal with environmental benefit. However, RHA is not cementitious itself but when mixed with lime forms cements which improve the soil properties. A research of performance of a silty sand modified with RHA and lime as wearing course layer of low-volume roads was conducted through two full-scale test sections with different pavements built in Artigas, northern Uruguay. The alkaline reactivity of RHA is low because the husk burning is not controlled. The soil-RHA-lime mix design was conducted according to the Thompson's Method. The pavement test sections were monitored through deflection measures by Benkelman beam and observations of surface condition. The deflections decreased over time in both test sections due to the development of cementation of the study materials. After one year, the dust emission was reduced, the wet skid resistance of pavement surfaces improved and there was not rutting. The researched pavements have had a good performance under the existing traffic and environmental conditions, demonstrating that wearing course layer of silty sand modified with RHA and lime is an alternative to improve the condition of low-volume roads and to replace the final disposal of RHA, with environmental, social and economic benefits.

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Behak, L., & Musso, M. (2016). Performance of Low-Volume Roads with Wearing Course of Silty Sand Modified with Rice Husk Ash and Lime. In Transportation Research Procedia (Vol. 18, pp. 93–99). Elsevier B.V. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trpro.2016.12.013

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