The East Kunlun Orogenic Belt (EKOB) provides an important link to reconstruct the evolution of the Proto-Tethys and Paleo-Tethys realm. The EKOB is marked by widespread Early Paleozoic magmatism. Here we report the petrology, bulk geochemistry, zircon U–Pb dating and, Lu–Hf and Sr–Nd isotopic data of the Early Paleozoic granitic rocks in Zhiyu area of the southern EKOB. Based on the zircon U–Pb dating, these granitoids, consisting of diorite, granodiorite and monzogranite, were formed during 450–430 Ma the Late Ordovician to Middle Silurian. The diorite and granodiorite are high Sr/Y ratio as adakitic affinities, and the monzogranite belongs to highly fractionated I-type. Their (87Sr/86Sr)i values range from 0.7059 to 0.7085, εNd(t) values from –1.6 to –6.0 and the zircon εHf(t) values show large variations from +9.1 to –8.6 with Hf model ages (TDM2) about 848 Ma and 1970 Ma. The large variations of whole-rock Nd and zircon Hf isotopes demonstrate strong isotopic heterogeneity of the source regions which probably resulted from multi-phase underplating of mantle-derived magmas. Geochemical and isotopic studies proved that the diorite and granodiorite had been derived from partial melting of heterogeneous crustal source with variable contributions from ancient continental crust and juvenile components, and the monzogranites were representing fractional crystallization and crustal contamination for arc magma. The Early Paleozoic adakitic rocks and high-K calc-alkaline granitoids in the southern EKOB were likely emplaced in a continental marginal arc setting possibly linked to the southwards subduction of the Paleo Kunlun Ocean and the magma generation is linked to partial melting of thickened continental crust induced by underplating of mantle-derived magmas.
Dong, G., Luo, M., Mo, X., Zhao, Z., Dong, L., Yu, X., … Liu, Y. (2018). Petrogenesis and tectonic implications of early Paleozoic granitoids in East Kunlun belt: Evidences from geochronology, geochemistry and isotopes. Geoscience Frontiers, 9(5), 1383–1397. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gsf.2018.03.003