Volume changes associated with the primary photochemistry of bacteriorhodopsin (BR) were measured by temperature-dependent laser-induced optoacoustic spectroscopy (LIOAS). Excitation was performed with 8-ns flashes establishing a photoequilibrium between the BR and the K states (BR<-->hvK). The concentration of K at the end of the laser pulse, which is an important parameter for the calculation of the volume change per molecule from the LIOAS data, was determined by flash photolysis with optical detection under the specific conditions (concentration, photon density) of the LIOAS experiment. Temperature-dependent measurements yielded a linear dependency of the ratio of the optoacoustic signals for BR and for a calorimetric reference (CoCl2) with the cubic thermal expansion coefficient beta of water. From the slope of this linear ratio a contraction of 11 cm3/mol was determined. © 1994, The Biophysical Society. All rights reserved.
Schulenberg, P. J., Rohr, M., Gärtner, W., & Braslavsky, S. E. (1994). Photoinduced volume changes associated with the early transformations of bacteriorhodopsin: a laser-induced optoacoustic spectroscopy study. Biophysical Journal, 66(3), 838–843. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0006-3495(94)80860-4