Plasma lipid profiling of different types of hepatic fibrosis induced by carbon tetrachloride and lomustine in rats

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Abstract

© 2016 Ishikawa et al. Background: Plasma lipid profiling has emerged as a useful tool for understanding the pathophysiology of hepatic injury and disease. Hepatic fibrosis results from chronic, progressive damage to the liver and can lead, in turn, to more serious conditions such as hepatic cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Thus, the present study aimed to investigate the plasma lipid profiles of two types of hepatic fibrosis in order to aid the understanding of the pathophysiology of hepatic fibrosis. Methods: A liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry platform was used to reveal and compare the plasma lipid profiles of two types of chemical-induced hepatic fibrosis. Rat models of centrilobular fibrosis and bile duct fibrosis were established via chronic exposure to the known fibrogenic hepatotoxins, carbon tetrachloride (CCl 4 ) or lomustine (LS), respectively, over a 28-day period. To delineate the specific alterations in the lipid profiles as a result of the hepatic fibrosis, we also employed non-fibrogenic hepatotoxicants (2-acetamidofluorene, N-nitrosodiethylamine, and ethambutol) as well as 3-day treatment of CCl 4 and LS, which did not induce fibrosis. Results: Our assay platform identified 228 lipids in the rat plasma, and the global lipid profile clearly distinguished these models from the control via principal component analysis. In addition, the alteration of the plasma lipid profile caused by CCl 4 and LS were clearly different. Furthermore, a number of lipids were identified as specific alterations caused by fibrosis induced only by CCl 4 and LS, respectively. Three lysophosphatidylcholines (LPC[18:3], LPC[20:4] , and LPC[22:6]), and three phosphatidylcholines (PC[18:2/20:4] , PC[40:8], and PC[20:4/22:6] ) are specific circulating lipids, the levels of which were altered by both CCl 4 and LS treatment; however, their levels were decreased by chronic exposure to CCl 4 and increased by chronic exposure to LS. Conclusions: These results suggest that different types of chemical-induced hepatic fibrosis demonstrate clear differences in their plasma lipid profiles. Our study provides insights into the alteration of plasma lipidomic profiles as a result of the fibrosis of different parts of the hepatic lobule, and may help to understand the pathophysiology of different types of hepatic fibrosis.

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Ishikawa, M., Saito, K., Yamada, H., Nakatsu, N., Maekawa, K., & Saito, Y. (2016). Plasma lipid profiling of different types of hepatic fibrosis induced by carbon tetrachloride and lomustine in rats. Lipids in Health and Disease, 15(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12944-016-0244-1

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