In this report, the dry delivery of polyamide 12 powders by vibrating capillary steel nozzles is investigated and discussed regarding its potential for powder layer preparation in Laser Beam Melting. Therefore, a setup including a steel nozzle assembled on a piezoelectric actuator is presented, which enables the precise control over very small powder quantities by vibration excitation. An analysis reveals that the mass flow through the nozzle can be adjusted by the vibration modes in a certain range depending on the nozzle's specifications, whereas the vibration modes themselves show a complicated behaviour. Using a positioning system in combination with the vibrating nozzle, single-layer patterns consisting of polyamide 12 are produced and characterized regarding surface homogeneity and selectivity using a laser stripe sensor.
Stichel, T., Laumer, T., Baumüller, T., Amend, P., & Roth, S. (2014). Powder layer preparation using vibration-controlled capillary steel nozzles for additive manufacturing. In Physics Procedia (Vol. 56, pp. 157–166). Elsevier B.V. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phpro.2014.08.158