Postoperative survival and left ventricular function were studied in 62 patients who underwent aortic valve replacement for isolated, chronic aortic regurgitation between 1978 and 1985. The average follow-up period was 3.8 years. There were three in-hospital and six late deaths. Five (56%) of the nine postoperative deaths were of cardiac-related causes. The mean 7 year survival rate was 83 ± 5%. Preoperative left ventricular end-systolic volume index was the most important indicator (p < 0.001) for subsequent cardiac death. The 6.5 year survival rate was 92 ± 4% for patients with an end-systolic volume index <200 ml/m2 compared with 51 ± 16% for those whose index was >200 ml/m2. None of the 48 patients with an end-systolic volume index <200 ml/m2 died of cardiac-related causes. Twenty-three of the 48 patients with an end-systolic volume index <200 ml/m2 (Group 1) and 6 of the 12 patients with a higher index (Group 2) underwent repeat catheterization 26 months postoperatively. Preoperative afterload, assessed by end-systolic wall stress, was elevated in both groups, but decreased postoperatively, becoming identical to the afterload in 20 normal control subjects. Although the preoperative ejection fraction was depressed in both groups, the great majority of patients in Group 1, compared with none in Group 2, exhibited normal ejection fraction postoperatively. Thus, in patients who recently underwent surgery for aortic regurgitation, satisfactory late results in both longterm survival and reversal of left ventricular dysfunction were obtained when the preoperative end-systolic volume index was <200 ml/m2. © 1987, American College of Cardiology Foundation. All rights reserved.
Taniguchi, K., Nakano, S., Hirose, H., Matsuda, H., Shirakura, R., Sakai, K., … Kawashima, Y. (1987). Preoperative left ventricular function: Minimal requirement for successful late results of valve replacement for aortic regurgitation. Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 10(3), 510–518. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0735-1097(87)80192-4