Prevalence of plasmid mediated bla TEM-1 and bla CTX-M-15 type extended spectrum beta-lactamases in patients with sepsis

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Abstract

Objective: To characterize the bacterial pathogens in patients having gram negative septicaemia. Further, to evaluate the antimicrobial resistance and underlying molecular mechanisms in these strains. Methods: A total number of 70 cases of gram negative sepsis were included in this prospective, open labeled, observational study. Standard methods for isolation and identification of bacteria were used. Antimicrobial susceptibility and ESBL testing was performed by the standard disc diffusion method. PCR amplification was performed to identify bla CTX-M, bla SHV and bla TEM type ESBLs. Conjugation experiments were performed to show resistant marker transfer. Results: The most prevalent isolates Escherichia coli (E. coli) 58.6%, Klebsiella Spp. 32.9% and Pseudomonas 8.6%, were resistant to most of the antimicrobials including cefazolin, ceftriaxone, cefuroxime, ampicillin and co-trimoxazole but sensitive to imipenem and meropenem. ESBL and MBL production was seen 7.3% and 12.2% of E. coli isolates respectively. Three isoaltes were found to have bla CTX-M-15 and two of them also showed bla TEM-1 type enxyme. Whereas, none of them showed bla SHV. Conjugation experiments using J-53 cells confirmed these resistant markers as plasmid mediated. Conclusions: This work highlights the molecular epidemiology of escalating antimicrobial resistance and likely switch over of bla CTX-M-15 type extended spectrum beta-lactamases by bla TEM type ESBLs in India. Further, the antimicrobial resistance by horizontal gene transfer was predominant among Enterobacteraceae in the community setting. © 2012 Hainan Medical College.

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Haque, S. F., Ali, S. Z., TP, M., & Khan, A. U. (2012). Prevalence of plasmid mediated bla TEM-1 and bla CTX-M-15 type extended spectrum beta-lactamases in patients with sepsis. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine, 5(2), 98–102. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1995-7645(12)60003-0

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