Magnesium's great lightweight potential and high biocompatibility render laser-beam melting of this metal increasingly interesting. Despite recent research activities in this field, the properties thereby achieved are still inadequate for industrial or medical use. Low surface quality caused by powder sintered to parts' boundaries is one of the main problems. This effect is discussed theoretically and examined on single tracks of the magnesium alloy AZ91. Welding-penetration depth and width was measured on a magnesium plate with and without a powder layer. For the derivation of suitable process parameters, structures with incrementally increasing hatch distances were built and microscopically analyzed. The influence on defect percentage and hardness of the parts was determined based on specimens manufactured with different layer thicknesses. The influence of the oxygen content on solids was analyzed by varying the process atmosphere.
Schmid, D., Renza, J., Zaeh, M. F., & Glasschroeder, J. (2016). Process influences on laser-beam melting of the magnesium alloy AZ91. In Physics Procedia (Vol. 83, pp. 927–936). Elsevier B.V. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phpro.2016.08.097