Clinical applications of gene expression signatures in breast cancer prognosis still remain limited due to poor predictive strength of single training datasets and appropriate invariable platforms. We proposed a gene expression signature by reducing baseline differences and analyzing common probes among three recent Affymetrix U133 plus 2 microarray data sets. Using a newly developed supervised method, a 92-probe signature found in this study was associated with overall survival. It was robustly validated in four independent data sets and then repeated on three subgroups by incorporating 17 breast cancer microarray datasets. The signature was an independent predictor of patients' survival in univariate analysis [(HR) 1.927, 95% CI (1.237-3.002); p < 0.01] as well as multivariate analysis after adjustment of clinical variables [(HR) 7.125, 95% CI (2.462-20.618); p < 0.001]. Consistent predictive performance was found in different multivariate models in increased patient population (p = 0.002). The survival signature predicted a late metastatic feature through 5-year disease free survival (p = 0.006). We identified subtypes within the lymph node positive (p < 0.001) and ER positive (p = 0.01) patients that best reflected the invasive breast cancer biology. In conclusion using the Common Probe Approach, we present a novel prognostic signature as a predictor in breast cancer late recurrences.
Akter, S., Choi, T. G., Nguyen, M. N., Matondo, A., Kim, J.-H., Jo, Y. H., … Kim, S. S. (2015). Prognostic value of a 92-probe signature in breast cancer. Oncotarget, 6(17). https://doi.org/10.18632/oncotarget.3525